Differences between Roaming Profiles and ProfileimagePath

Differences between Roaming Profiles and ProfileimagePath

We have and RDS cluster everythings is working fine.

We use roaming profiles, redirection to a share is working as well.

When a user logs on to any RDS node we can see a user folder appear in E:\Users\ of the RDS Server.

When I checked the registry, and i can see 2 keys about profiles :
– you can see that the redirection is OK : Centralprofile (in my exemple \\Sharename\…)
– you can see a ProfileImagePath to E:\Users

So what is :
– A ProfileImagePath ?
– A CentralProfile ?

E:\Users\<username> is the local cache of the roaming profile.  I’ve never seen a setting to avoid caching of the profile on the local system entirely.

There is a group policy setting to automatically delete the cached copy upon user logout. It’s under Computer Configuation->Policies->Administrative Templates->System->UserProfiles->Delete cached copies of roaming profiles.

Plus side : This avoids disk space from caching the users profiles

Down side
It will probably increase the logon time as the full profile will have to copy every time.
When testing, this also cleared out the cache from a custom application which didnt right back to the roaming profile.

Group Policy –Add the Administrator security group to roaming users profiles

Tested on Windows 2008 R2

Create a GPO – “Add the Administrator security group to roaming users profiles”

Computer Configuration > Policies > Administrative Templates > System > User Profiles” and applied to Windows XP / 2003 or later.

Add the Administrator security group to roaming users profiles

This setting adds the administrator ACL to the users roaming profile path on the server when it is first created.

Administrator are able to view users profiles without the need to take ownership

Enable this option as soon as possible as this setting does NOT apply retrospectively to existing users profiles as it only applied the administrators group to the profile when the roaming profile when  it is created on the server for the first time.

Original detail posted by Alan Burchill

 

Check if an AD user has a roaming profile configured (PowerShell) – OneScript Team

Check if an AD user has a roaming profile configured (PowerShell)

This script can query specified active directory users whether or not a roaming profile was configured.

Scenarios

IT admins may care about which users has a roaming profile was configured. This script can help IT admins check whether or not a roaming profile was configured.

Script

Step 1: Run the script in the Windows PowerShell Console, type the command: Import-Module <Script Path> at the prompt.  For example, type Import-Module C:\Script\CheckIfProfileExists.psm1

This is shown in the following figure.

Step 2: Type the command Get-Help Get-OSCADUserRoamingProfile -Full to display the entire help file for this function, such as the syntax, parameters, or examples.

OneScript Team

Temp Profile issue 2008 R2 RDS using roaming profiles

Issue
Some of our users keep getting logged on with a temporary profile.

Scenario
We have an RDS cluster using Window 2008 R2 x64 and users are setup with roaming profiles.

Profiles going to \\server\users\%username% Intermittently the folder is being created in the profile share but the folder is empty.

Permissions checked ok Shares checked ok

Cause
Possibly caused by a server crash corrupting the profiles instead of a natural logoff allowing the profile to write back.

Solution
Browse the registry on your terminal server under :  LM\software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVerision\ProfileList

Look for any keys under ProfileList with an extension “.bat”
Select key and click delete (export or backup any keys before making changes or deletions first.)

Solution found here : http://www.brianmadden.com/

 

SQL 2012 install on Server 2012R2 “Error while enabling Windows feature NetFx3”

Problem… “Error while enabling Windows feature NetFx3″

We wanted to install APP-V 5.x on server 2008 running SQL 2008. At the very start this was a problem. Error you require a later version of the OS etc.

So we deployed 2012 R2, and then started to install SQL 2012….. error during install …

“Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Release Candidate 0 Setup
The following error has occurred:
Error while enabling Windows feature: NetFx3, Error Code: -2146498298, Please try enabling
Windows feature: NetFx3 from Windows management tools and then run setup again.”

Cancel install

We then tried to enable .NET Framework 3.5 on Windows Server 8 using the “Add Roles and Features Wizard” of Windows Serve 2012.

“Failed”

Next attempt.

Load 2012 disk & connect the server to the internet

Launch CMD as administrator

dism /online /enable-feature /all /featurename:NetFx3 /source:d:\sources\sxs

The operation finished successfully from the command prompt.

We then were able to install SQL Server 2012 successfully.

 

We also found this link to be useful for screen shots

 

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Change user command to switch a Terminal Services server to Install mode.

KB 320185

How to put a Terminal Services server in Install mode.

You will need to switch to install mode, to install or remove programs on a terminal server.

The method I use the most is :
Open command prompt as administrator

Type:         change user /install
This will change the server to install mode.

Now your ready to install applications.

Switch Terminal Services to Execute Mode, when you are finished adding or removing programs.

Open command prompt as administrator

Type:         change user /execute

Users can now log in and start using the new applications

Trouble shooting a Disconnected Host in VMware vCenter

When your ESXi hosts are all setup up in vCenter and using HA and DRS but a blip happens, the power goes or  a host has a moment “not responding”.

disconnected host

In this  scenario we powered off the ESXi host.

What can you check?

Possible options. Try reconnecting the host if there has been no other changes

normal state reconnect

Watch the status bar for progress

Reconnecting host

What if it fails to connect like in the image below

failed to connect

  1. Don’t forget a few basic connectivity checks like…Can you ping the host?
  2. Can you connect to the ESXi host by DNS name or IP & local user and password using the vSphere client?
  3. Can you connect to any VMs which were / are still running on the disconnected host?
  4. Can you restart the management service on the ESXi host?
  5. Can you ilo to the ESXi host? Any errors /events logged on the host
  6. Any network switch down?
  7. Any SAN issues?

These are just a rough guide, it is no responsibility of the Author if you try any of these actions. Try at your own risk.

Trouble shooting VMware Virtual Center failing to start

We restarted the Virtual Center server during a routine maintenance window.

As a rough / quick test we then tried to connect via the client. To our shock, it didn’t connect

Client connection fails

How to Trouble shoot …..Where should you look next ?

Services?

Manual Service

Check for a stopped service on the vCenter server.

Start vcenter service

start vc service

In this scenario, check SQL , in the log you can see there is a SQL DB connection issue

VC no SQL connection

 

 

For Loop command to list users with sessions on servers

Problem :  Users/Admins disconnect from sessions on servers. How to get a list of users logged on to server active and disconnected

Simple Solution!

Create a file call servers.txt   – save in c:\temp

(possibly dsquery computer -name * >servers.txt    note your will need to delete all detail except server name)

Create a batch file call : listloggedinUsers.bat   – save in c:\temp

In the listloggedinUsers.bat type the following

for /f %%s in (servers.txt) do (echo %%s & qwinsta /server:%%s)

Save the bat file

Load command prompt as administrator.

Type
c:\temp\listloggedinusers.bat >> users_date_time.txt

This out put shows all 3389 connections. ie. RDP sessions