How to install Next Generation ESXi 7.0 version !!

How to install Next Generation ESXi 7.0 version.

How to install Next Generation ESXi 7.0 version !!

All the VMware professionals are exciting for the new generation of vSphere 7 announcement and General Availability starting from April 02. There are lots of great enhancement done on this vSphere 7 version especially the inbuilt Kubernetes availability and support functionality. This post …Read More


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vSphere ESXi 6.7 Unable to talk between subnets between hosts

Configuration was :

ESXi 6.7 – vSphere handling all the port groups tagged with VLANs

Firewall – CISCO ASA

 

Problem : New ESXi 6.7 hosts. A virtual machine if on the same host and vSwitch could communicate no problem. However if a virtual machince was communincating with another virtual machine on another host on a different, subnet they were unable to communicate between subnets and hosts. Both virtual machines could ping their local gateways. Firewall, CISCO ASA was just dropping all packets and showing the following error

Error on the Firewall when capturing ping traffic “No source port  on ping “Error (Type 8, Code 0), Denied ICMP type=8, code=0”

 

Solution

Sometimes its the simple tick box on the Firewall / ASA config

“Enable traffic between two or more interfaces which are configured with the same security levels”

All traffic started communicating and the virtual machines could talk between the subnets as per the rules on the Firewall.

What does End of General Support mean?

vSphere 5.5 was released in 2013. Now 5 years on and its out of General Support. What does it mean? My simplistic techie take on this is, you still have support if you vSphere farm has a wobble and you need VMware technical support, and don’t be surprised if the solution is to upgrade. However if your still running 5.5 and your not quite sure what to do, feel free to call on a certified professional to plan an upgrade to the latest and greatest release :-).

What does End of General Support mean?

On September 19th, vSphere 5.5 exited its general support phase and moved into something called “Technical Guidance”. In response to this, many have already moved to a newer release of the vSphere 6.x line. Whether it be for compatibility concerns or a reasonable wariness of touching what’s not broken, there are several of us who The post What does End of General Support mean? appeared first on VMware vSphere Blog .


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VMware vCenter Single Sign-On – Invalid Credentials – Native Platform Error code 1765328360

Logging in to the vCenter Server Appliance fails with the error: Failed to authenticate user

or

Failed to authenticate principal for tenant vsphere.local 6.5 update1

KB on issue https://kb.vmware.com/s/article/2147174

Logging in to the vCenter Server Appliance Web Client and / or vSphere Client fails with the error:

Failed to authenticate user
/logs/sso/vmware-sts-idmd.log file, you see entries similar to:

 

  • [YYYY-MM-DDT<time> vsphere.local d5ee8f23-b216-4585-b829-6e4c671d6ede ERROR] [IdentityManager] Failed to authenticate principal [Username@DOMAIN] for tenant [vsphere.local]
    com.vmware.identity.interop.idm.IdmNativeException: Native platform error [code: -1765328347][null][null]

Trouble shoot

Login as administrator@vsphere.local

Open VCSA consoleCommand for the appliance

Check VCSA version

vpxd -v

We had : build-8024368

Which log to check :

Become an Expert on vCenter Server appliance Log File Location in 120 seconds


vCenter Server appliance log file location

Connect into vCenter Server appliance using SSH as root and browse towards the directory “/var/log/vmware” to see the list of all logs files of vCenter server appliance 6.5
Browse to the log and open file

To go back down a directory in VCSA

cd ../

to check the date and time on the VCSA

date      Note it is displayed in UTC time zone

They time on ours appears to be out of sync between the vCenter Server machine, and the domain controller

 

So we then set NTP on the vCenter Server Appliance 6.5

https://kb.vmware.com/s/article/2113610

Steps to enable and add NTP servers on the vCenter Server Appliance 6.5

To enable NTP on the vCenter Server Appliance 6.5:

  1. Open a console session to the vCenter Server Appliance and press ALT+F1
  2. Log in using the root user credentials.
  3. Run this command to view the current settings:
    ntp.get
  4. Run this command to add an NTP server:
    ntp.server.add –servers ntp_servername
  5. Run this command to verify the NTP server settings:
    ntp.get
  6. Get NTP ModeTimesync.getNTP Mode
  7. To remove an NTP server, run this command:
    ntp.server.delete –-servers ntp_servername 

     

    Cause

    This issue occurs when:

    • The time is out of Sync with the domain controller the appliance is joined to
    • No NTP time source
    • NTP status down

     

     

    VMware vCenter Server 6.5 Update 1 Release Notes

    https://docs.vmware.com/en/VMware-vSphere/6.5/rn/vsphere-vcenter-server-651-release-notes.html

     

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VMware vRealize – What is vRealize Orchestrator(vRO)?

Overview

This is my interpterion of VMware vRealise Orchestrator at a high level. VMware vRealise Orchestrator is a centralised location to create workflows, create actions and define configuration elements to automate tasks. In ddition there is a useful tool built-in which can auto generate documentation based on your workflows created.

so, how does vRO compare to my previous work?

My first impression of vRO, is the tool reiterates the structure I have been putting in place via PowerShell scripts on previous projects and demonstrations.

Previously I would create a simple CSV which contained all the server / virtual machine information

See my previous work on bulk virtual machine deployments:

The logic is :

Within vRealise the procedures are all done in work flows. Its worth noting scriptable tasks are in JavaScript. Scripts can be added to workflows

The scriptable tasks are more interesting. You can predefine properties/variables to use within the script tasks.

Some nice key features :

  • Descriptions area for workflows
  • Version control work flows.
  • Simple Output to System.log

Is there a similar alternative product I’ve used.

Some of vRO features do have similarities to an alternative product I have recently been using called Octopus. Octopus has the options to create processes, add scripts including PowerShell and version control each release and control releases.

Scripting
Moving on to more advance scriptable tasks in vRO, decisions can then be defined based on If …Else statements to define the output. When scripting within workflows, a simple but effective feature is when a variable is entered in a script, the variable name changes colour.

Out the box options
There are some out the box options such as VMware tools and Virtual Hardware upgrades with vRO workflows.
There are many more advanced topics and work flows. Feel free to share your favourite work flows or developed work flow on twitter @stephenhackers

Note : All opinions are my own.